Eye disease is a term used to define the diseases related to the functioning of eyes. Here we describe some of the most common types of diseases related to it and how they can be treated.
Also known as pink eye, conjunctivitis is when the conjunctiva is infected. It is nothing but a thin layer that covers the eyeballs. This disease is often caused due to a virus, bacteria, allergens and other contributors like smoke and dust. It is a contagious disease which has symptoms like redness of the eyes and discharge.
Conjunctivitis is a minor condition can improve within a couple of weeks. However, in some cases, when the infection is not given much attention, it can also cause corneal inflammation. This can cause danger to the eyesight. If you have any symptoms related to conjunctivitis you must get an examination done by your doctor. Any negligence from your part can cause dangerous repercussions.
A lot of eye diseases can be caused when a person is suffering from type 1 or type 2 diabetes. These diseases are cumulatively known as diabetic eye diseases. They include glaucoma, cataracts, and diabetic retinopathy. It should be noted that diabetes is not diagnosed in the early stages. This is why it is important for you to actively get regular examinations done. Detecting diabetes early can save you from permanent damage such as vision loss. Visit your doctor more often and make it a point to get annual checkups done.
Glaucoma happens when the intraocular pressure of the eye increases. This damages the optic nerve without any obvious early signs. You must acquaint yourself with the early symptoms of glaucoma to stay on the safer side. It should be noted that when you do not treat glaucoma, it can cause a loss of peripheral vision. This can ultimately lead to complete loss of vision as well. There isn’t any cure for this disease. However, with the help of surgeries and medication, it can be managed. The best way to diagnose and treat glaucoma is to get regular eye checkup done and to follow the prescribed medication. You should also be aware of angle closure glaucoma symptoms in general.
Macular degeneration is a progressive and chronic disease that affects the sharp central vision. This disease is particularly associated with aging. So much so that it is called age-related macular degeneration. It has two types. One is dry which cannot be treated and is the most common type of disease. The other type is wet which can be treated with laser procedures.
It is not possible to control the disease. However, with the right supplements, sun protection and a balanced diet can help in reducing the risk of this disease. For more information, you must consult your doctor in order to gain deeper insight.
Thus, if you are diagnosed with any of above-mentioned diseases, then you should diligently visit the doctor. Moreover, adhere to the advice given by your doctor as even the slightest ignorance can cause you a lot of damage. Your doctors know the best about these ailments and the related workarounds. They can guide you to better manage these diseases. Not to mention their years of experience and access to all modern equipment with the help of which they can treat you. With regular eye checkups and a healthy lifestyle, you can prevent above-mentioned diseases. Early detection of diabetes is also important for you to pervert glaucoma. Since glaucoma can cause permanent damage to your eyes, it is important that you get yourself checked from time to time.